October 2, 2022
Chicago 12, Melborne City, USA
Health

Fatal Opioid Overdoses Rising Among Native Americans

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In other news, Naloxone deficiency has been predicted and more details on the prevalence of hepatitis in children have been revealed.

The Hill: Native Americans have seen a fivefold increase in severe opioid overdoses over two decades, the study said.

Severe overdose among Native Americans is on the rise as the United States is embroiled in a growing opioid crisis. A new study published this week in the BMJ Open Journal found that opioid overdose deaths among the American Indian and Alaska Native communities increased fivefold between 1999 and 2019, while the overall number of drug overdoses in the United States increased fourfold since 1999. … The authors of the study teach only the overdose deaths responsible for opioids, the combination of opioids with other drugs and alcohol, and the 12-year-old American Indian and Alaska natives associated with certain types of opioids and As Benito Luna-Herrera in her seventh-grade social studies class. . , He is wary of signs of internal unrest And nowadays it has a lot .. (Guzman, 5/3)

Axios: Opioid settlement can lead to naloxone deficiency

A recent opioid settlement deal could hurt Teva Pharmaceuticals in three states, creating a shortage of treatment and opioid reversal drugs in the rest of the country, a pair of House lawmakers have warned Attorney General Merrick Garland. Allowing a single company to provide free treatment for an entire patient population could limit competition and reduce physicians. As part of settling the claim, it helped fuel the opioid epidemic, with Teva agreeing to pay more than $ 220 million in overdose drug naloxone and other opioid treatments in Texas, Florida and Rhode Island in lieu of financial compensation. (Bettelheim, 5/3)

The Washington Post: Mental health, substance abuse disorders, fewer people are smoking

Depression and substance abuse disorders stereotypically come with one aspect of smoking. New data, however, show that the number of people with mental health and substance abuse disorders is declining rapidly. A JAMA study found a “significant reduction” in cigarette smoking between 2006 and 2019 between depression, substance abuse disorder and both. (Blackmore, 5/3)

ABC News: The Fentanyl Trip: How Drugs Are Coming to America

As fentanyl overdoses and deaths are on the rise across America, investigators are setting their sights internationally to stop the flow. Police and other experts say fentanyl and fentanyl-laced pills have been illegally imported from outside China and even smuggled across the U.S.-Mexico border. “I’ve been doing this for about 10 years now. And at one point, we never found fentanyl. Now we’re holding it all the time – and it’s coming in different shapes,” said Robert Meza, an import specialist at the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency, ABC. Told the news. (Ordonez, Luna, Salzman and Pereira, 5/3)

AP: Washington Reaches 518M Settlement with Opioid Distributors

In a complex trial over its role in flooding Washington with highly addictive painkillers, the country’s three largest opioid distributors agreed on Tuesday to pay the state $ 518 million, much of which is aimed at easing the addiction epidemic. Attorney General Bob Ferguson announced the deal, noting that Washington would have received millions of dollars more than it would have received if it had signed a national agreement involving distributors and Johnson & Johnson last summer. (Johnson, 5/3)

About developing news about hepatitis in children –

Statistics: Disease detectives find clues in cases of viral hepatitis in children

When medical professionals think they’re seeing something new, or an unusual spike in something familiar, disease detectives – epidemiologists – are usually tasked with solving the mystery of the case. Some of these seemingly events are nothing more than coincidences. Some, however, are very real and teach us more about what a known disease agent can do or introduce us to a new bug that poses a hitherto unknown threat. Increasingly, it appears that mounting reports of abnormal pediatric hepatitis cases will become the next type of event. About 200 cases of pediatric hepatitis of unknown etiology or origin have been reported in at least 18 countries. About 10% of children need a liver transplant and a handful or more have been reported to have died. The question is no longer “Is this real?” But “What causes severe liver inflammation in previously healthy young children?” (Branswell, 5/4)

New York Times: What do scientists know about abnormal hepatitis cases in children?

At least 16 countries and 10 U.S. states have identified or are investigating reports of abnormal hepatitis cases among otherwise healthy children. Cases involving nearly 200 children worldwide remain extremely rare, according to a report released last week by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control. But even these small clusters are unusual. In Britain, where most cases have been reported, according to a briefing by the UK Health Security Agency, two pediatric liver units have already admitted at least as many for acute, unexplained hepatitis in 2022 as they normally do throughout the year. . (Antis, 5/3)

CBS News: Mysterious Liver Disease Kills Three More Children After Reporting “Unexpected Significant Rise”

Three children have died of mysterious liver disease in Indonesia, the country’s health ministry says, adding that the number of deaths worldwide from a deadly disease confusing doctors from the United States to Asia has risen to at least four. This severe strain of acute hepatitis has been identified in about 170 children in 11 countries in recent weeks – the World Health Organization (WHO) has expressed concern about the “unknown source” of the disease. Symptoms that afflict children include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain – before their liver becomes infected. The WHO had earlier reported at least one death. (5/3)

In other public health news-

Press Association: Outbreaks of Measles: Vaccines are dropped as the disease spreads

There is an “epidemic” of measles, world health leaders have warned, as the incidence of potentially deadly diseases appears to be on the rise. The World Health Organization (WHO) has called on parents to vaccinate their children against highly contagious diseases. It has expressed concern that the decline in vaccination during the Covid-19 epidemic may be behind the increase in cases compared to what is usually expected in the first two months of the year. (Pickover, 5/3)

Wall Street Journal: Alzheimer’s patients less likely to receive biogen adduhelm treatment

People with Alzheimer’s disease will be less likely to receive Biogen Inc.’s Aduhelm treatment due to the company’s decision to reduce commercial support for the drug in the face of limited compensation by the US Medicare program and other insurers. The Cambridge, Mass., Company said Tuesday it was removing its “commercial infrastructure” for Aduhelm. It will maintain a minimum resource to provide medicines to patients currently undergoing treatment at no cost. (Loftus, 5/3)

Axios: Purchase of food with extra sugar drops with increased tax credit

The temporary expansion of the child tax credit during the Covid-19 epidemic in 2021 coincides with greater food security and may also reduce the consumption of sugary foods and beverages by children, according to a health study. The observational study, led by the University of South Carolina, used a survey of about 600 households, as well as a survey taken three months later, to see how the monthly tax credit was being used. Among the participating parents, about half said they used the extra money for food and drink purposes, and more than 60% of those who were “very” food insecure used the money for food. (Reed, 5/3)

The Hill: California is moving forward with online child protection offers as a Washington stall

A California state panel has put forward a proposal that would hold technology companies responsible for features that could be addictive and harmful, a measure that, if passed, could put California at the forefront of online child protection campaigns as a Washington stall. All but one member of the California Assembly Judiciary Committee voted in favor of the bill, AB 2408, while Republican Assembly member Kevin Kelly, who is running for Congress, abstained. (Clare, 5/3)

KHN: Even when IVF is covered by insurance, high bills and lots of hassle

After years of trying to conceive without success, Brenna Kaminsky and her husband, Joshua Pritt, decide to try in vitro fertilization. Only 15 states require insurance for fertility treatment, and Florida, where Kaminsky and Prit live, is not one of them. Yet, the couple’s insurance, from Prit’s job at a power company, they did – leaving them among the lucky minorities of Americans whose insurance plans cover the costly fertility system. Kaminsky and Pritt play with what their cost will be for one round of IVF: $ 2,700, out of maximum pocket under their policy. (Galeuits, 5/4)

This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of the health policy coverage of major news organizations. Sign up for an email subscription.

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